Technical Research Category
1. Biofilter Potential of Indigenous Agricultural Waste Materials for the Removal of Heavy Metals in Water
Proponents: Genes P. Maylem, Goldyn Anne C. Aquino, James Kennard S. Jacob, Ryan C. Dumasig, Rolando D. Pedro, Sarah B. Aquino
Bioremediation using oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sp.) spent offers a cost-effective and environment-friendly approach to water treatment. However, this needs further study for its application in Isabela province due to the differences in the composition of mushrooms spent in the Philippines compared to those countries. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the quality of water in the Magat dam reservoir, and develop a prototype water treatment system integrated with oyster mushroom spent mushroom (Pleurotus sp.) for the treatment of heavy metals cadmium (Cd) and Arsenic (As) in water. Two stations at the Magat dam reservoir were identified for water sampling for the analysis of heavy metals. Then, a water treatment system incorporated with oyster mushroom spent was developed. Separate biofilter experiments for Cd and As were performed at various flow rates (1 mL/min, 5 mL/min, and 10 mL/min) and the percent removal was calculated. All water samples were analyzed using a graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer (GFAAS). Heavy metals were detected from the Magat dam reservoir water samples (Cd- 0.000046 ppm, As- 0.014 ppm, Pb- 0.0016 ppm) and all were below permissible levels based on the Philippine National Standards. Water treatment system with mushroom spent has the highest efficiency at the slowest flow rate of 1 mL/min (i.e, 97% for Cd and 95% for As). However, of the two heavy metals, As generally had the greater percent removal compared to Cd even at faster flow rates, suggesting that the filter used had a greater affinity towards Cd than As. The fabricated water treatment system based on oyster mushroom spent is effective for the removal of Cd and As in contaminated water. These findings can be used as a basis for a sustainable solution to treating heavy metals from industrial waste and simultaneously solving the waste issue in mushroom farms.
Proponents: Betchie E. Aguinaldo, Paulo Opiña, Jane Gelindon
In response to the negative impact of COVID-19 pandemic to the livelihood, DOST-PCAARRD has an approved project on production of smoked tilapia and tilanggit for COVID-19 affected communities in Southern Isabela under the GALING-PCAARRD Kontra Covid-19vProgram which focuses in food production and additional livelihood project. This project aims to (1) provide nutritious and cheaper food for affected communities in Southern Isabela (Santiago City, Echague, Ramon), (2) conduct training/workshop for 150 beneficiaries on the processing of tilapia in affected communities in Southern Isabela (Santiago City, Echague, Ramon), (3) help selected beneficiaries to generate an additional source of income for communities affected by the COVID- 19 pandemic. The selected beneficiaries produced smoked tilapia flavored with lemongrass locally known as "tanglad" and "tilanggit" with lime leaves extract locally known as "dayap". One of the objectives of this project is to conduct training in order to capacitate the beneficiaries on smoked tilapia flavored with lemon grass and tilanggit flavored with lime leaves extract. The training was attended by the Municipal Agriculture Officers, Barangay Captain, Officials, Rural Improvement Club (RIC) President, Purok Leaders, Mengal Women Organization President, Sectoral Representative for Women, Municipal Cooperative Development Officer and the 150 beneficiaries. The 150 beneficiaries have already the skills and partially produced smoked tilapia 2,100 kg and tilanggit 700 kg. The Municipal Agriculturists of the selected municipalities committed their full support in the implementation of the project. They also assured strict monitoring for the proper implementation of the project in order to attain its target and deliverables. Indeed, through active participation of beneficiaries and strong support from ISU, PCAARRD and LGU, an additional source of income/livelihood, as part of the objective of the project, will be realized.
3. Enhancing the Agri-Aqua Food Value Chain Through Smart Technologies and Partnerships Towards Food Resiliency in the New Normal in Region 02
Proponents: Carlo Baltazar, Jay E. Laurel, Mary Jane C. Baniqued
The sudden outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic has resulted to disrupted food supply and value chain worldwide. Hence, there is a need to improve production management to meet the demand for food without neglecting its value to ensure profit. The farms and processing facilities should coordinate in the production of raw agricultural materials and in processing of food products to be sold to consumers. In the Philippines, goat raising is an important component of farm activities. Improving its value chain will likewise improve its economic value benefitting smallhold farmers. In Region 2, an initiative to enhance the goat food value chain was implemented through strengthening partnership with the network of stakeholders. The goat raisers were organized so that the capability building programs to improve goat production management and their entrepreneurial skills are honed. The organized farmers were registered as association or cooperative to make them qualified for government assistance programs. A private partner on food processing was also assisted under the technology business program and later invested in the establishment of food processing plant. For this particular initiative, 11 goat raising municipalities represented by 403 goat raisers were benefitted. With the organized system of production, an increase in the volume of raw materials by 57% was recorded, while 3.3 metric tons of different chevon products were sold to different consumers. Additional value-added products were also identified to further increase the value of the commodity. At present, this value-chain scheme was already presented to concerned government agencies for implementation in wider area of coverage.
4. Multi-Environment Yield trial (MET) of New and Promising Rice Genotypes from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) through the ASEAN Ricenet
Proponents: Jonathan N. Nayga, Aubrey Joy M. Balbin, Ellaine O. Sotelo
An agronomic evaluation of test entries of the Multi-environment Trail (MET) comprising new rice genotypes developed by the International Rice Research Institute was conducted during the 2022 Dry Season at the experimental area of the College of Agriculture, Isabela State University. The test entries were shared by the ASEAN Ricenet, a network of research institutions, universities and government research agencies in the ASEAN region where ISU - Echague is an active member. The Trial was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with two replications. Agronomic data were statistically analyzed using the STAR software version 2.0.1 A total of 36 rice cultivars were evaluated for plant height, maturity, productive tillers and yield performance. Significant variations on plant height and yield performance were observed. On the other hand, there were no significant differences among test entries in the number of productive tillers and maturity. Based on yield performance, the best entries are 7, 2, 18, 23, 1, 15, and 8. These entries had a yield of at least 6 tons per hectare. Another season of performance test is now being conducted to validate these initial results.
Proponent: Jane G. Cabauatan
Screening of normal dose and toxicity tests for potential pharmaceutical products is a very significant process in drug discovery. Using a standard protocol for histopathologic and toxicity tests, extracts of Kalachuchi (Plumiera acuminata Ait) bark, roots, leaves, and flowers; and extracts of Adelfa (Nerium oleander L.) flowers and roots, revealed the following results. The oral acute toxicity for the bark causes death at an LD50 of 52.34 ml/kg, while the roots were found to be 29.10 ml/kg, and for the leaves which caused death at an LD50 of 40.36 ml/kg, while the flower was found to be 52.34 ml/kg. Oral intake of the Adelfa extract results in the immediate occurrence of aggressive clinical signs that lasted for 3 hours and deaths on the succeeding days. The LD50 estimate for flowers amounts to 37ml/kg and roots at 33.15ml/kg. Typical signs of air emphysema and darker skin ensued prior to death occurring on the 3rd day of the observation period in Kalachuchi bark and roots, and typical signs of air emphysema and darker skin ensued prior to death occurring on the 3rd day of the observation period in leaves and flowers. The anti-inflammatory effects of root and bark extract are independent in effect on the 3rd and 4th oral intake. Topical application of the fresh extract of root, bark, flowers, and leaves from the Kalachuchi plant did not have an irritation effect for erythema and/or edema following the Draize type protocol, while that of the roots and flower of Adelfa did not cause a significant suppression of inflammation when induced with carrageenan injection, which is not significant. In terms of histopathological effects, for both plants, the kidney and liver are affected if taken in oral doses. The use of Adelfa flower and root extract by the topical roots may be tested again since the plant is an active poisonous plant due to a large amount of oleandrin even if the result did not exhibit erythema and edema on topical application observed on test rats. Extensive clinical evaluation of the fresh extract of root, bark, flowers, and leaves from Kalachuchi (Plumiera acuminata Ait.) plant and flowers and roots of Adelfa (Nerium oleander) showed good results for evaluation of potential drug development.
6. Vermicomposting Performance of Cross Bred Earthworm (CBE), African Night Crawler (ANC) and Native Earthworm (NE)
Proponents: Dominic G. Rodriguez, Samuel R. Simon
The study was conducted at the Central Experiment Station of the Department of Research and Development of the Isabela State University-Cabagan Campus in 2022. It aimed to determine the performance of Cross Bred Earthworm, African Night Crawler (Eudrilus eugeniae) and Native Earthworm (Perionyx excavatus) in vermicomposting. Treatments tested were the following; T1 - 100% Cross Bred Earthworm T2 - 100% African Night Crawler (ANC); T3 - 50% Cross Bred Earthworm (CBE) + 50 % African Night Crawler (ANC); T4 - 50% CBE + 50% NE; T5 - 70% ANC + 30% NE). Results of the study revealed that T2has the highest volume of converted vermicast with a mean weight of 17.9 kg, followed by T5 with 17.8 kg , T1 (17.5 kg), T3 (16.6 kg), and T4 has the lowest converted vermicast with a mean weight of 16.5 kg. Statistical analysis of the data revealed that there is a significant difference among the different treatments mean at 0.5 level of significance (F=3.64, F-prob=0.0366, P=0.0000). The result of the nutrient analysis revealed that T1 has the highest nitrogen content with 0.61%, followed by T4 with 0.60%, T5 (0.59%), T3 (0.51%), and T2 has the lowest content with 0.48%. In terms of Phosphorus, T2 has the highest content with 0.18%, followed by T4 with 0.17%, T3 (0.15%), T1 (0.13%), and T4 has the lowest content with 0.11%. In terms of Potassium, T5 has the highest percentage of potassium content with 0.43%, followed by T4 (0.42%), T1 (0.40%), T3 (0.37), and T2 has the lowest content with 0.36%. Among the five treatments, T1 has the highest ROI with 5.69%.
Proponents: Samuel R. Simon, Dominic G. Rodriguez, Jack B. Pagaran
Heirloom black rice was originally grown in the highlands of Mountain Provinces without any fertilizer being applied. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the productivity of this type of rice under upland conditions, particularly at Cabagan, Isabela, and at different levels of fertilizer application. The experiment comprised of five treatments, namely: T1 – Control (no fertilizer), T2 – 100% of the recommended rate of fertilizer, T3 – 80% of the recommended rate of fertilizer, T4 – 60% of the recommended rate of fertilizer, and T5 – 40% from the recommended rate of fertilizer. The experimental plots were laid out following the Randomized Complete Block Design, and each treatment was replicated three times. The results of the study during the Wet Season showed that T2 significantly obtained the highest yield of 5,336.67, and obtained the highest net income of PhP 80, 950.08/ha, and the highest return on investment of 154.59%. In the Dry Season, T2 significantly obtained the highest yield of 3,142.07kg/ha and obtained the highest net income of PhP 31, 571.58/ha while T5 had the highest return on investment of 90.22%. Heirloom black rice production under upland conditions is feasible in the locality of Cabagan, Isabela, and can be carried out with high economic gains.
Proponents: Samuel R. Simon, Dominic G. Rodriguez, Jack B. Pagaran
The field experiment was conducted at the Central Experiment Station–Department of Research and Development at Isabela State University, Cabagan, Isabela during the dry season to evaluate the influence of different rates of fertilizer application on the growth and yield performance of eggplant var. morena. The fertilizers used were based on the result of Soil Analysis. The experiment comprised five (5) treatments namely: T1 – Control with no fertilizer applied, T2 – 100% from the recommended rate of fertilizer, T3 – 80% from the recommended rate of fertilizer, T4 – 60% from the recommended rate of fertilizer, and T5 – 40% from the recommended rate of fertilizer. The experimental plots were laid in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and each treatment was replicated three (3) times. Results of statistical analysis showed that during first cropping T2, T3, T4, and T5 had significant effects on the plant height, number of tillers, panicle length, biomass, dry matter yield, weight of 100 grains, and yield per hectare. T2 obtained the highest yield per hectare with a mean value of 8,666.70 kg followed by the T3, T4, and T5 with mean values of 8,000.00kg, 8,000.00 kg, and 7, 666.70 kg, respectively. The lowest yield was recorded from T1 with no fertilizer applied with a mean value of 6, 666.70 kg. Economic analysis considering the parameters of yield level and production cost showed that during dry season, T1 obtained the highest net income of 149,475.75 followed by the T3, T4, and T5 with net income of 137,580.00, 140, 685.00, and 136, 290.75. The lowest net income was recorded in T1 with a net income of 120, 700.75. However, T1Treatment 1 (with no fertilizer applied) obtained the highest ROI of 262.58% followed by T5, T4, and T2 with ROI of 246.12%, 237.18%, and 222.46% while Treatment 3 (100% the recommended rate of fertilizer application) obtained the lowest ROI of 220.41%.
9. Product Development and Shelf-Life Extension of Pleurotus Based Mushroom Ready to Eat and Frozen Products
Proponents: Arsen M. Callueng, Karen T. Allam , Jane G. Cabauatan, Roger M. Baldesancho, Andrea Marie Cabillo, Michael Jayson G. Soriano
Mushrooms are valued around the world as culinary delicacies and are popularly known as “vegetable
meat” in many cultures. Botanically, they are the fruiting bodies of macroscopic filamentous saprophytic fungi that grow above ground. This study was conducted to (1) develop and improve a new mushroom product line with market demand; (2)improve product quality and appearance through the conduct of the sensory evaluations; (3) standardize processing protocols and formulations of the final products; (4) determine the nutrient component, shelf–life and cost and return data of the mushroom ready-to-eat products; and (5) develop a simple manual of procedures of the final products to be disseminated to mushroom community enterprises. This study employed a method of preparation of substrates of mushroom spawn. The mushroom fruits are used in the processing and development of mushroom by-products with 2 formulations. Sensory evaluation of mushroom by-products was conducted to acquire information about consumer preferences in 2 formulations in terms of taste, appearance, color, texture, and odor using a 9-point hedonic scale. Based on the results obtained in the acceptability test on the
fourteen (14) oyster mushroom products, eight (8) of the preferred Formulation 1, and six (6) preferred
Formulation 2. Results of the study revealed that both formulations 1 and 2 obtained a descriptive rating of “like extremely”. This suggests that the preferences of the participants were based on the higher amount of additional ingredients such as cornstarch, flour, egg, oil, onion, garlic, etc. Also, the result of the study implies that all of the product formulations have good market potential, but the best formulations were utilized in the finalization of the procedures and composition of the said oyster mushroom by-products. Cost and Return Analysis was also conducted in this study. Based on the results obtained in Cost and Return Analysis, Formulation 1 of crispy oyster mushroom fritter seasoned with cheese flavor, crispy oyster mushroom fritter seasoned with garlic flavor, crispy oyster mushroom fritter seasoned with chili flavor, crispy oyster mushroom fritter seasoned with chili–garlic flavor, oyster mushroom tapa, and oyster mushroom nuggets have a higher Return of Investment (ROI). While F2 of oyster mushroom kikiam, bola-bola, shanghai, longganisa, dinakdakan, pickles, cheese hotdog, and spicy sausage have a higher Return of Investment (ROI). Thus, the study recommends further study on the shelf life and nutrient analysis of the oyster mushroom products and more formulation of mushroom by-products that can be sold in the market.
Proponents: Jane G. Cabauatan, Karen T. Allam, Arsen M. Callueng, MaryJoy R. Buraga
The study was conducted to develop products Pleurotus ostreatus-based mushroom sweets and pastries. It used a method for preparing substrates for mushroom spawn. Two formulations of mushroom vegetables were used in the processing and development of mushroom byproducts. Using a 9-point hedonic scale, sensory evaluation of mushroom by-products was performed to gather information about consumer preferences in two formulations in terms of taste, appearance, color, texture, and aroma. Based on the results, the oyster mushroom mini cupcake formulation 1 showed a higher mean rating of acceptance in general (8.54, Like extremely). In the second product, oyster mushroom brownies formulation 1 and formulation 2, have a significant difference in general acceptability, based on the result the higher was found as formulation 1 has a higher acceptance mean rating of (8,53, Like extremely). The
formulation got a "like extremely" qualitative description among all sensory attributes. In the third product, oyster mushroom cookies, formulation 1 and formulation 2, there was a significant difference in general acceptability. Formulation 1 has a higher acceptance mean rating of (8.73, like extremely). In the fourth product, oyster mushroom graham balls formulation 1 and formulation 2, there was a significant difference in general acceptability. Formulation 1 has a higher acceptance mean rating of (8.68, like extremely). Cost and Return Analysis was also conducted in the study. Based on the results, the oyster mushroom mini cupcake has a lower ROI (83.20%), and the Return on Investment (ROI) for formulation 2 (111.26%) was higher. For the oyster mushroom cookies, the Return on Investment (ROI) for formulation 1 is 86.04%, while formulation 2 is 125.26. For the next product, oyster mushroom graham balls, the Return on Investment in formulation 1 (118.98%) is higher ROI compared to formulation 2 (81.81). For the last product, oyster mushroom brownies, the Return on Investment in formulation 2 (87.5%) is higher ROI than that of formulation 1 (64.38%).
11. Incorporation of Pleurotus Mushroom on the Processing and Development of Condiments, Pasta, and Mixes for Community-Based Enterprises
Proponents: Roger M. Baldesancho, Ma. Bernice Carmela B. Liquigan-Bagunu, Jane G. Cabauatan, Arsen M. Callueng, Lyka Bassig
Edible mushrooms have long been utilized for food consumption. Among edible mushroom species is Pleurotus ostreatu (oyster mushroom). This variety is fleshy, succulent, and tender. This study aimed to incorporate Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom in the processing and development of condiments, pasta, and mixes. Oyster mushroom was prepared and grown at the Department of Natural and Applied Sciences. Harvested oyster mushrooms were incorporated into the products developed. A sensory evaluation was conducted to determine the preferred formulation for the three products developed. All the mean general acceptability ratings for the products are above 8.0 implying that all of the product formulations have good market potential. The high ROI for the products also shows that the products can be profitable to produce for community-based entrepreneurs.
Proponents: John Mark M. Mamauag, Dominador B. Zipagan, Anna Mae R. Espinosa, Katherine B. Caguioa
This paper discusses the development of processing protocols for the Pansit Cabagan, which involved proper food handling through its processing protocols and the observation of its shelf life and stability by submitting the product to different storage conditions. The well-known product of the municipality of Cabagan has been modified through the processing protocols developed by taking into consideration proper food handling, varying degrees of dehydration processes by the main ingredient and its components, and observation of shelf life and stability conditions through a two-quarter observation, complimented with sensory evaluation from the two observations made. The project aimed at the possibility of extending the shelf life of Miki Cabagan as it is known for its short shelf life given the food handling processes it goes through by local sellers. Ultimately, the endeavor aimed at producing a comparable version of the instant noodle currently available in the market, but with the novelty of Pansit Cabagan and all its contents in a small package.
Proponents: John Mark M. Mamauag, Dominador B. Zipagan, Anna Mae R. Espinosa, Katherine B. Caguioa
Tomatoes have been processed into a myriad of products like sauces, juices, ketchup, paste puree, and many more applications. Tomatoes are known to be a rich dietary source of antioxidants, are readily available, and are relatively easy to grow. Roxas City is one of the municipalities of Isabela and it is well known to grow much of the fruit to the point that there is overproduction. This study is an intervention to the perennial problem the municipality has by way of product development and development of processing protocols for the over-produced tomatoes. As a result, the study was able to develop jam and seasoning out of the produce. To measure the viability of the products, both were submitted to a sensory and shelf-life evaluation.
Proponent: Jane G. Cabauatan
Growing mushrooms is a potential integrated component in agriculture especially in farming. It is a good income-generating activity that can be done year-round using low-cost and locally available materials and requires only a little space, low capital, and less effort, but wisely speaking, aseptically prepared due to its very sensitive and delicate reproductive cycle. Mushroom growers all over the world used and tested various substrates for the growth and yield of mushrooms and different substrates obtained different results. In this study, the most suitable substrate and housing type for the maximum growth and yield of oyster mushrooms is T4 (Gmelina Sawdust (70%) + Rice Straw (20%) + Rice bran (5%) + Molasses (5%) and House A (Woven Bamboo with Nipa Roof). The type of mushroom growing house has a positive effect on the economic yield and number of fruiting bodies as revealed in the present study. Possible factors that affect the yield of P. ostreatus could be variations in temperature and humidity in each house and other climatic parameters. Hence, the study recommends a separate study to determine the effect of other climatic variables that could give excellent economic yield performance.
15. White Oyster Mushroom Process Products and Growth Yield Performance using Agricultural Wastes as Subtrates
Proponents: Mar Heisen A. Yanos, Johna Mae B. Udan, Jenifer Subia
Mushrooms are a good source of protein, vitamins, and minerals with very little fat. It is the most well-known agricultural industry globally. Substrate type is an important factor on the growth and yield of oyster mushroom. The effect of agricultural waste as substrate for the cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) was studied from February 20, 2022 to September 20, 2022 at Isabela State University, San Mateo Campus. Generally, the study aimed to determine the effect of agricultural waste as substrate on the attributes and fruiting ability of oyster mushroom. Six treatments (rice straw, saw dust, corn cob, corn stalks, corn husk and corn leaves) were supplemented with rice bran. The effect was compared to the conventional substrate rice straw and sawdust which served as control and was arranged following the Completely Randomized Design and replicated three times. Results of the study showed that the agricultural wastes as substrates produced similar number of caps throughout the observation period. No further significant increase was recorded in terms of the length of stipe, diameter and thickness of caps regardless of the agricultural wastes as substrates. The weight of mushroom during the first flushing was comparable, however, a significant increase was recorded at second, third and fourth flushing period. Corn leaves produced the heaviest fruiting bodies, biological efficiency with 834.16 gram/kg or 83.41 percent and the highest return on investment with 66.83 percent.
Social Research Category
Proponents: Katherine M. Zipagan, Maridel S. Galicia
Over the past two years, the COVID-19 pandemic hit various countries and their economies, and the pork industry was one of the various food sectors that were directly affected. The crisis brought havoc affecting business operations, especially in large industries both locally and abroad. Correspondingly, this study was conducted to provide relevant information about the status of the supply chain of pork in Northern Isabela during the prevalence of the COVID-19 pandemic. Specifically, it pursued to determine the socio-demographic profile of respondents, the issues and problems they have encountered, and the mitigating measures they have adopted. The study was carried out in the seven (7) municipalities of Northern Isabela, namely, City of Ilagan, Tumauini, Delfin Albano, Cabagan, Sto. Tomas, Sta. Maria, and San Pablo. Through the use of purposive sampling, twenty-one (21) respondents were selected and interviewed using a structured interview guide tool which served as the primary source of data. Secondary data were obtained from published research, and other data sources online. This study employed descriptive statistics and narrative-descriptive data analysis. Results show that adults (25-65 years old) are the prevailing respondents, with females as the dominant gender. The majority of the participants are married and most of them are high school graduates. Their business profile reveals that all of the producers and wholesalers/retailers are operating under sole proprietorship, with most of them already in the industry for 11 years and above, and most swine/pork ventures of the participants are earning above P30,000.00 monthly. Major findings of the study divulge that most of the producers were directly affected not by COVID-19 but by ASF which also took place during the COVID-19 crisis, while some of them encountered some issues with undersupply. Most of the wholesalers/retailers did not encounter problems with supply while a few of them also experienced a scarcity of pork. In terms of price, all of the producers did not cite any problem, but the wholesalers/retailers encountered problems regarding the high acquisition price of pigs, and consumers clamored about their high buying price. Meanwhile, all of the participants shared that their problem with logistics and transportation was the strict government restrictions on travel due to COVID-19 and ASF. Above all these problems identified by the participants, some mitigating measures were implemented such as toning down and halting the production as practiced by the producers, limiting the supply of pork that wholesalers/retailers get from their suppliers, and allowing their consumers to buy on account, and buying and selling of other food commodities. With regards to the consumers’ problem with the high buying price, some of them opted to buy other substitute goods instead, and in terms of the supply chain, the players’ problem was with the strict government restrictions. All of them affirmed that they comply with the requirements of the local authorities in order for them to go out of their homes and buy their essential needs. With these results, it is emphasized in this study that along with the COVID-19 crisis was also the untimely occurrence of ASF which was the major contributor to the disruptions in the local supply chain of pork in Northern Isabela. To improve this study, more comprehensive research using larger samples is recommended to elicit more relevant information about the study at hand.
Proponent: Arjay C. Matanguihan
The procedures that explain how food from a farm ends up on our tables are referred to as a food supply chain or food system. Production, processing, distribution, consumption, and disposal are among the processes. Food supply chains transport food from producers to consumers in a domino-like fashion, while the money consumers pay for food goes to people who work at various stages along the food supply chain in the opposite direction. Every stage of the supply chain necessitates the use of human and/or natural resources. Because a food supply chain is like a domino effect, when one part of the food supply chain fails, the entire food supply chain fails. This study sought to determine strategies to mitigate the unprecedented supply chain disruption of eggplant in Northern Isabela caused by the COVID-19 crisis. It aimed to identify the prevailing issues and problems faced by various supply chain actors; identify mitigating measures adopted and implemented by these supply chain actors to cope with the prevalence of the COVID-19 crisis; and identify possible solutions and recommendations to promote eggplant supply chain resiliency during the COVID-19 crisis. The study used a mixed methods approach to fully comprehend the eggplant supply chain in Northern Isabela. Simple frequency counts and percentages to present the socio-demographic profile and issues and problems of the respondents and a narrative discussion of the mitigating measures adopted and implemented by the supply chain actors were among the statistical tools used in the analysis and interpretation of the data collected. The results revealed that all (21) respondents were adults and married, with the majority of respondents being female and having completed college. In terms of business profile, all (21) are sole proprietorships that have been in operation for 6–10 years. It was also discovered that the majority of respondents earn between P10,000.00 and P20,000.00 per month. In terms of supply issues, all producers reported an oversupply of eggplant, while wholesalers and consumers reported no issues or problems. Low selling prices are the main issue that producers face, whereas wholesalers and retailers have no problems with this because they acquire the commodity at a low price. Government regulations, particularly on travel restrictions, are the source of major concerns and problems for producers, wholesalers, and retailers in terms of logistics and transportation. In response to the supply chain respondents' issues and problems, mitigating measures were adopted and implemented. In terms of oversupply, producers look for an alternative way to dispose of excess inventory; limit the quantity of production by shifting from one to multiple crop production; and donate the overproduced products to the community pantry and relatives. No mitigating measures were adopted and implemented by the wholesalers/retailers or consumers since no issues or problems were encountered in terms of supply. Producers encountered issues and problems in terms of the low selling price, but no mitigating measures were adopted and implemented. In terms of the selling price, no mitigating measures were adopted and implemented by the wholesalers/retailers or consumers since no issues or problems were encountered. In order to address the issues of logistics and transportation, the producers opted to sell the products on their own instead of distributing them to wholesalers and retailers. There were no mitigating measures implemented or adopted on the part of wholesalers or retailers to protect consumers since there was no issue in terms of logistics and transportation. The overall findings of the study showed that there is no significant disruption in the supply chain of eggplant in Northern Isabela during the COVID-19 pandemic. It was recommended that the Local Government Unit or the Provincial Office of Isabela conduct extension activities or projects in order to help the producers address the problem of eggplant oversupply, whose aim is to transform excess or unsold eggplant into new products.
Proponent: Arjay C. Matanguihan
The production steps that food products go through before being distributed to consumers are referred to as the food supply chain. As the supply chain expands, it gets increasingly disjointed, causing a separation from the food's primary source. Among the processes are creation, processing, distribution, consumption, and disposal. Food is transported in a domino-like way along food supply chains from producers to consumers, and the money consumers pay for food flows to those who work at various stages of the chain in the other direction. Each step of the supply chain requires the usage of either natural or human resources. Because a food supply chain works in a domino-like fashion, when one link breaks, the entire network collapses. This study sought to determine strategies to mitigate the unprecedented supply chain disruption of poultry products (eggs) in Northern Isabela caused by the COVID-19 crisis. It aimed to identify the prevailing issues and problems faced by various supply chain actors; identify mitigating measures adopted and implemented by these supply chain actors to cope with the prevalence of the COVID-19 crisis; and identify possible solutions and recommendations to promote the egg supply chain resiliency during the COVID-19 crisis. The study used a mixed-method approach to fully comprehend the poultry product (egg) supply chain in Northern Isabela. Simple frequency counts and percentages to present the socio-demographic profile and issues and problems of the respondents; and a narrative discussion of the mitigating measures adopted and implemented by the supply chain actors, were among the statistical tools used in the analysis and interpretation of the data collected. The results revealed that all (21) respondents were adults, with the majority of respondents being female, married, and having completed high school. In terms of business profile, all (21) are sole proprietorships that have been in operation for below 5 years. It was also discovered that the majority of respondents earned above P30,000.00 per month. In terms of supply issues, all the respondents reported an undersupply of poultry products (egg). Producers, wholesalers, and retailers have no issues with selling a price. Government regulations, particularly on travel restrictions, are the source of major concerns and problems for producers, wholesalers, retailers, and consumers in terms of logistics and transportation. In response to the supply chain respondents' issues and problems, mitigating measures were adopted and implemented. Producers experienced a high demand for products that resulted in supply, but they did not attempt to produce more products.
Proponent: Katherine M. Zipagan
The food supply chain (FSC) is a web of activities that includes production, processing, distribution, and consumption and is heavily reliant on partners (actors), supporting services, and infrastructure. It is an important part of the global value system of companies and individuals involved in the transportation of goods and services. Food items pass through a sequence of players or activities in processing, distribution, retailing, and consumption once they are produced. At every point in the chain, actors or activities can interact with one another. This study aimed to determine strategies to mitigate the unprecedented supply chain disruption of Cabagan “Miki” in Northern Isabela due to the COVID-19 crisis. Specifically, it sought to determine the prevailing issues and problems being faced by the Cabagan “Miki” supply chain actors in Northern Isabela amidst the COVID-19 crisis; identify mitigating measures to be adopted and implemented by these Cabagan “Miki” supply chain actors to cope with the prevalence of COVID-19 crisis; and identify possible solutions and recommendations to promote supply chain resiliency of Cabagan “Miki” amidst COVID-19 crisis. A mixed-method approach was utilized to completely comprehend the Cabagan "Miki" supply chain in Northern Isabela during the COVID-19 crisis. Hence, statistical tools that were used in the analysis and interpretation of the data collected include simple frequency counts and percentages to present the socio-demographic profile and issues and problems of the respondents; and a narrative discussion on the mitigating measures adopted and implemented by the supply chain actors. Results of this study revealed that all the sixteen (16) supply chain respondents are already adults (25-65 years old); married and the majority of them have reached college level in terms of educational attainment. In terms of the business profile, all the businesses are owned and operated as sole proprietorships; the majority of the businesses have been in operation for 11 to 15 years; and the two producers earn more than P30,000.00 per month on average, whereas wholesalers/retailers and consumers (panciterias) earn less than P10, 000.00 per month. For the issues and problems encountered by the supply chain respondents amidst the COVID-19 crisis, the two producers have experienced an oversupply of produce due to COVID-19 restrictions while the wholesalers/retailers and consumers (panciterias) had issues with government rules, particularly travel limitations that have caused significant impact on their businesses. There are no concerns with regard to the product’s selling price despite the pandemic crisis. It has remained constant from the production level to the consumer level. As to issues and problems with logistics, the producers have no logistical issues because the wholesalers/retailers and the consumers (panciterias) are responsible for the delivery costs. Likewise, the COVID-19 restrictions have impeded the commercial transactions of wholesalers/retailers and customers (panciterias), particularly in the transit of “miki” product as they are required to secure and present barangay travel permits and municipal health declaration at some designated IATF checkpoints. In response to the issues and problems raised by the supply chain respondents, the following mitigating measures are adopted and implemented, to wit: (1) the producers limit the volume of their “miki” production to avoid the problem of oversupply; (2) the excess or unsold supply of “miki” are being fed to the ducks and/or given for free to the producers’ relatives and friends to avoid product spoilage; (3) the issue of government rules and regulations in response to the COVID-19 situation appears uncontrollable and all firms or businesses must comply; and (4) the transportation or logistics problem on the part of the wholesalers/retailers and consumers is part of the COVID-19 travel restrictions and is likewise uncontrollable. The overall implication of the research results purports that the COVID-19 crisis has not caused disruption in the supply chain of Cabagan’s “miki” from producers to consumers based on the fact that each supply chain player still generates income from the product being sold. Hence, based on the information revealed in this study, it is recommended that an extension activity or project is proposed to address the problem of oversupply of Cabagan's "miki". The goal of this initiative is to process the excess or unsold supply of "miki" into a new product, such as instant "miki" noodles. The Department of Extension and Training Services (DETS) of our campus can provide support in this area, particularly to producers. Likewise, an in-depth study targeting more than one respondent per supply chain node is also recommended in order to make a wider scope of analysis of whether there are disruptions in the flow of product from the production area to the end-users amidst an unprecedented disaster or crisis.
Proponent: Maridel S. Galicia
Various studies on the food supply chain have been undertaken and have proven that there were interruptions in this important sector of the economy, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the same way, this study on the supply chain of beef in Northern Isabela amidst the COVID-19 crisis aimed to determine the overall status of the local beef industry amid the prevalence of the COVID-19 pandemic. It sought to elicit information on the basic information of participants, the issues and problems they encountered, and their mitigating measures. This study was conducted in the seven (7) municipalities of Northern Isabela, namely, the City of Ilagan, Tumauini, Delfin Albano, Cabagan, Sto. Tomas, Sta. Maria, and San Pablo, with twenty-one (21) respondents selected through purposive sampling. The major industry players such as producers, wholesalers/retailers, and consumers were included in the study, and it utilized both descriptive statistics and narrative-descriptive analyses of data. Results show that most of the respondents are adults (25-65 years old), with females outnumbering males. It is dominated by married participants and those who have finished high school. All the producers and wholesalers/retailers are operating under sole proprietorship, the majority of them have been operating between 6 to 15 years, and all of them are earning above P30,000.00 monthly. Contrary to previous studies conducted by other researchers, the players in the beef industry of Northern Isabela did not encounter any problems in terms of demand, supply, and price despite the incidence of COVID-19 that ceased the operations of other industries. However, in terms of transportation and logistics, only the consumers raised their concern regarding the strict government restrictions that limit their movement including their economic activities such as going to the public market to purchase their essential needs like food, an issue that has not been cited by producers and wholesalers/retailers. In order to address this, aside from complying with the requirements of authorities before leaving the barangay, consumers have learned to adapt to the “market day” schedules set by the LGU while other options include seeking assistance from their relatives, neighbors, and tricycle drivers residing in their barangay in purchasing their needs. Due to the relatively small production of cattle in these localities and considering the simple supply chain structure of beef, there have been no visible disruptions even at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic as people continue to buy, producers continue to supply, and wholesalers and retailers continue to sell. With the limitations brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, however, it is recommended that a more inclusive study using total enumeration be conducted to draw more relevant information since there are only a few FSC players. With the promising income opportunity that has been observed in this industry, stakeholders may also consider intensifying the production of cattle to improve the value chain at promote employment among local people. Finally, the government may opt to implement the same restrictions if the same event happens in the future to minimize the effects of the pandemic.
1. Program Title: Capacitating Community People through Trainings and Technical Assistance for Local Government Units (LGUs) and Peoples Organizations (POs) of Isabela and Cagayan and Isabela
Project Title: Training and Technical Assistance on Local Development Planning
Proponents: Maria Theresa R. Aggabao, Cecilia B. Mangabat
The project on Training and Technical Assistance on Local Development Planning aimed to train trainers for the Enhanced Local Climate Change Action Plan (ELCCAP) which will in turn capacitate the various Local Government Units who will request for technical assistance in crafting their ELCCAP. It is a requirement for all LGUs to prepare an ELCCAP as part of their application for Seal of Good Local Governance being awarded by the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG). This project addresses SDG 13 (Climate Action) which is to take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts by assisting LGUs to finalize their plans on climate mitigation and reduction of carbon emissions. As a result, it also somehow addresses SDG Nos. 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 17.
Proponents: Maria Theresa R. Aggabao
The promotion and adoption of technology in agriculture and food processing is a gradual process, requiring both the readiness of the technology and its intended adopters. In the municipality of Roxas, Isabela, an innovative project has demonstrated how the presence and abundance of raw materials, combined with collaborative efforts, can lead to the development of a thriving tomato processing industry. This essay provides an overview of the journey and impact of this project, highlighting its potential for women's empowerment and alignment with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Processed tomato food products are a rare find in commercial establishments, yet the region boasts a bountiful tomato harvest. The project's journey begins with the Marcos Tomato Livelihood Association (MARTOLA), an organized group in Roxas, Isabela, which was approached by the Local Government Unit (LGU) to address the challenge of excess tomato harvests. Recognizing the potential, the LGU enlisted the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) to train MARTOLA members in tomato jam production.
Under the Learning Express (LeX) Program, in collaboration with Singapore Polytechnic (SP), MARTOLA was introduced to innovative solutions using Design Thinking. This collaboration resulted in the development of a new tomato jam formulation. The success of the project prompted the birth of the Roxas West Ladies Tomato Industry (RoxWeLTI) in 2019, with a membership of 100 women from different barangays. This new association expanded the scope of tomato product development beyond jam, including tomato salt powder, tomato rings, tomato candy, tomato puree, dried tomatoes, and tomato concentrate.
One of the significant challenges faced by the association was to meet government regulations and standards to ensure product safety. This involved obtaining the License to Operate (LTO) for the tomato processing center. The process required collaboration between multiple stakeholders, including Bahaginan sa Roxas, Inc. a non-government organization (NGO), the Local Government Unit of Roxas, Isabela, the Isabela State University Cabagan Campus (ISUC) and other line agencies of government like the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), and the Department of Agriculture (DA). The rigorous requirements, from training and business registration to laboratory testing of sample products, were diligently addressed. The physical infrastructure improvements, in line with DOST and Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) standards, were primarily spearheaded by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the LGU, with technical support from ISUC.
In February 2020, the tomato processing center was evaluated by the FDA, and after nearly two years of hard work, the association received its license to operate (LTO) in August 2020. The project's success encouraged the formation of the RoxWeLTI, which evolved into a promising business venture potential for commercialization. The association received continuous support from the LGU, the local NGO, the ISUC, other government agencies, and SP, an international academic institution, providing both technical and financial support.
The future of the project involves the implementation of a bigger undertaking, the Scaling-up of Tomato-based Enterprise in Roxas, Isabela which will be funded by the Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR), potential for regional, national, and international recognition. The components of the project will provide the additional equipment, trainings and product development activities that will upscale the entrepreneurial capability of the members of RoxWeLTI. This plan will empower the women by providing them additional income, and equipping them with new skills and self-confidence and financial independence.
Based on the foregoing narrative, the accomplishments so far achieved by this project aligns with three United Nations SDGs as follows: SDG 2 (Zero Hunger) by reducing food wastage, SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) by creating a community-based entrepreneurial activity, and SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production) by reducing the carbon footprint of local food products.
In conclusion, the journey of tomato processing in Roxas, Isabela, serves as a remarkable example of how local resources, collaborative efforts, and the empowerment of women can contribute to sustainable development and align with global SDGs. This project showcases the potential of agriculture and food processing to bring about positive change at the micro and macro levels, benefiting communities, the environment, and society as a whole.