Technical Research Category
1. Impact Assessment of Future Water Demand and Supply for Climate Change and Socio-Economic Scenarios using WEAP Model of the Magat River Basin
Proponent: Orlando F. Balderama, Lanie A. Alejo, Jeoffrey Lloyd R. Bareng, Elmer A. Rosete, Catherine A. Bartolome, Arlen S. Alejandro, Carlo C. Ablan
Water is a vital resource in the river basin, and management of this resource is essential. This study aims to assess the impacts of the likely future water demand and supply for climate change and socio-economic scenarios using WEAP model of the Magat River Basin (MRB). The Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) is a user-friendly tool that takes an integrated approach to water resources planning and policy analysis. The model is based on the water balance concept to reproduce hydrological processes. The model simulation demonstrated that WEAP can predict streamflow with Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) of 0.64 and coefficient of Determination R² of 0.74 for the calibration period and NSE = 0.77 and R² = 0.83 for the validation period. The impact of high conveyance efficiency (CE) and moderate Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) will give zero unmet water demand across population growth in 2025, 2030, 2050, and 2080. Santiago City as additional domestic water users will significantly increase water demand by as much as 473.61 percent, 511.00 percent, 660.56 percent, and 884.91 percent in 2025, 2030, 2050, and 2080, respectively. However, with the combination of high CE and moderate AWD interventions, the significant increase in water demand will result to zero unmet water demand for both domestic and agricultural surface water. For the climate change scenario, the results showed an increase in the future unmet water demand during the dry years and wet years of the mid and late 21st century for both RCPs 4.5 and 8.5 climate change scenarios. These findings indicate that climate is expected to significantly affect the MRB where agriculture is vital for the local economy and small farmers. The projected increase in population growth, the impact of climate change, and the increase in water users will only worsen the current levels of unmet water demands. This study recommends the implementation of high CE and moderate AWD interventions as soon as possible. Improvement in water accessibility due to these interventions is enough to meet the water demands across all scenarios tested in this study.
Proponent: Rafael J. Padre, Melanie A. Baguio, Edward B. Panganiban, Rudy U. Panganiban, Carluz R. Bautista, Justine Ryan L. Rigates, Allisandra Pauline Mariano
Cauayan City, Isabela is one of the country's premier agro-industrial hubs and considered as one of the Philippines' first smart cities (Smart Communications, 2019). Since urban areas, such as Cauayan City, are the hub of economic development and activity, there is a tendency for people and businesses to converge, with that, a risk analysis was done to analyze hazards for urban water infrastructures within the city. With the aid of GIS Software and gathered data, maps were generated for flood hazards with 5, 25, and 100 yr. return period, Analysis of liquefaction and ground shaking as well as drought hazard of urban water infrastructures in the City. Risk maps were generated in this study wherein water infrastructures such as drainage and water utilities located at the 4 barangays namely Cabaruan, Alicaocao, Turayong and Labinab were classified as high risk in flooding. For liquefaction and ground shaking analysis most of the barangays were classified as low risk. Similarly, majority of the barangays were classified as moderately dry and near normal for drought hazard analysis. Generally, the study demonstrated the need of an intervention to address high risk of water infrastructures from flooding at the City of Cauayan.
Proponent: Ivy M. Tarun, Joenel C. Espejo
The aim of the study was to examine the effectiveness of the Integrated Management Information System for Stakeholders (IMISS) according to user perception and user experience. Data were gathered from a sample of respondents who joined the survey, and a number of system users who were given common test tasks and whose experiences were quantified using usability metrics. The findings indicate that the IMISS is highly effective in terms of the software quality characteristics namely functional suitability, performance efficiency, compatibility, usability, reliability, security, and maintainability. It is also found to be highly effective in terms of perceived difficulty, error rate, and success rate of use. One of the things that will affect the user experience is the effectiveness of IMISS in these software quality characteristics. A system that can satisfy users' explicit and implicit needs will result in a great user experience and contribute value to the institution once implemented.
Proponent: Maribel S. Abalos, Paulo Opiña Jr.
Yearly, the rainy season always happens. where water is directly on the soil, roof, plants, etc. Without proper harvesting, this water may cause damage in many aspects, such as over-watering to the plants, soil erosion, bacteria, and gems that cause viruses to begin to grow if it has been tainted by dirt and other impurities. So, proper harvesting of roof rainwater is important because it will be utilized for bathrooms, laundry, garden irrigation, etc. This paper presents the average rainfall, which represents the monthly average. water availability, water demand, and water storage. As stated, the water demand is 2500 liters per day, which equals about 75000 liters per month. Wherein the amount of water that can be collected from the roof is larger than the water demand. The findings of this paper were extremely beneficial to the campus because they presented the entire details of the roof rainwater harvested in liters, which will serve as the basis for utilization. The information and communication technology building at ISU Ilagan was used as a sample in this paper.
Social Research Category
1. Cost and Benefits of Solar-Powered Irrigation as Greenhouse Mitigation and Renewable Generation Strategy in Mallig Dairy Cooperative, Inc.
Proponent: Nenita S. Genove, Diosdado C. Caňete
Mallig Dairy Cooperative, Inc. at Mallig, Isabela has One Hundred Three (103) heads of cattle as of March 2020 covering an area of fifty (50) hectares situated in remote and hilly areas. There was collaboration in the field of solar energy between the Department of Agriculture and the Local Government Unit of Mallig, Isabela on the solar powered- irrigation system in relation to cattle raising to address the need of water supply for their cattle. In determining if solar-powered irrigation in Mallig Dairy Cooperative, Inc. is sound, justifiable and feasible, the Cost-benefit Analysis was used. That is why the time value of money, discount rate, and net present value, payback period and internal rate of return for using a solar-powered pump have to be considered and calculated. The said cooperative has a 2.15 Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR) which can be interpreted as "For every P1 of cost in the investment, the expected peso benefits generated is P2.15. So the solar-powered pump is a favourable investment which means it has greater benefits than costs. The NPV computed is positive which is P2,870,789.92 greater than the investment incurred that was P2,500,000.00. The rule is: An investment project should only be engaged in if it demonstrate a positive net present value (NPV). The payback period is 4.56 years only, it means the investment bears less risk. The computed IRR of the cooperative was 25.98%, thus generated more than the hurdle rate which is 12%. So it is considered favourable and safe to invest in solar irrigation.
Technological Research Category
Proponent: Edward B. Panganiban, Mark Joseph Asuncion, Jose P. Gallena Jr.
Isabela has the highest opportunity of developing a water management system that can be used for both agriculture and hydropower. To realize its full potential, it must overcome critical challenges in the planning, design, implementation, and maintenance of its irrigation systems. The most promising methods for achieving effective and consistent food security include the growth of irrigation systems on various sizes, river diversion, the construction of minor dams, and water collection devices. Following the design of farmland water irrigation process technology, as well as the study and research of the channel management features, functionality, and related software architecture of precision agriculture water irrigation systems, the actual implementation of the Internet of Things to highly effective and secure agricultural production, has a significant impact on ensuring the efficient use of water. This study demonstrated a method for creating an effective, low-cost Arduino-based smart irrigation system. The technology was created to help farmers be more efficient, save money on labor, and make better use of water by using the right amount in the appropriate way. Arduino, LCD, SIM900 A, moisture sensors, a solenoid valve, and a submersible pump comprised the Arduino-based smart irrigation system. This automated irrigation system detects soil moisture and controls the pump to either fill the tank or irrigate based on the availability of water in the reservoir. The actual system's operation and user interaction were observed, and data were collated together with statistical analysis for the study's evaluation. The control system program was created in such a way that the moisture content is shown on a liquid crystal display (LCD) and SMS messages are sent. Based on the evaluations of technical experts and respondents, the project was deemed effective overall.
2. Health-Chat App: Secured Patient's Health Information App-based (SPHIA) Using Integrated Data Encryption Algorithm (IDEA)
Proponent: Christine Charmaine G. San Jose
This paper is geared towards the development of strong encryption technique and the integration of this algorithm in a Mobile platform through development of Secured Patients Health Information App (SPHIA) to safeguard important and confidential information. According to the study of Economist, data or information is the most valuable and important asset and is the most valuable resource in the world in today's digital world. There is a foregoing concern on Patients Health Information pertaining to confidentiality and Privacy due to reported data breaches. The need to uphold and defend the individual's right to privacy and confidentiality is the main concern that the system solves.
Proponent: Januel P. Floresca, Cinderella B. Delos Santos, Angelic Joy G. Cordero, Joel G. Cordero
The Bugkalot Coffee Growers Multipurpose Cooperative (BCGMPC) as the partner industry in this CRADLE project envisioned to produce Specialty Coffee, however, their existing product had not reached specialty-grade (at least 80 cup score) which was observed to be caused by problems on drying considering their location at 800 masl high elevation with cool humid climate. Despite their use of a fuelwood-fired oven dryer (pugon), the specialty-grade quality was never achieved resulting to commercial grade price of only P300/kg. This project aimed to develop a low temperature dryer for the BCGMPC to produce specialty-grade coffee beans that could be sold at higher price even at P1,000/kg. A 2.5m x 3m x 2.5m LTD room prototype was setup in the BCGMPC coffee processing area. 100 kg of washed 18-hr fermented parchment coffee beans of Red Bourbon variety were tested and cup-scored by three certified Q-graders. Its half (50 kg) was loaded in the LTD set at 20°C and 30% RH dried at 12% in five days and was compared to the remaining half (50 kg) loaded in their existing pugon dried at 12% only for 24 hours. Results showed that for the LTD-dried parchment, cup scores of three Q-graders were 82.00, 83.25 and 83.5; aromas were flavors were peach, green apple, sweet; and jasmine, coffee flower, lemongrass; aftertastes were brown sugar, fruity, lemon. On the other hand, for the pugon-dried parchment, cup scores of three Q-graders were 79.25, 79.0, 79.0; aroma/fragrance were choco, fishy, spicy, smokey; flavors were tangerine, mild choco,caramel; and aftertaste were bitter, nutty, bready. Inorder to validate the data, testing of mixed Arabica varieties (Red Bourbon, Catimor, Catura) from Cadaclan, Barlig, Mt. Province and Robusta varieties from Coffee cooperatives in Angadanan, Isabela and Maddela, Quirino were also done in the same prototype setup at the Climate Change Center, ISU, Echague, Isabela with 82 and higher cup scores with superior aromas/fragrance, flavors and aftertastes. Germination test of 66 seeds resulted to a 92.42% germination rate. The LTD was able to attain specialty- grade that were within and beyond 80-84 cup score range of Philippine Coffee Quality Competition (PCQC) winners and alive coffee beans at 400 kWh electricity consumption.
4. Integrated Flood and Sediment Management in the River Basins for Sustainable Development: The Case of Cagayan River Basin
Proponent: Orlando F. Balderama, Lanie A. Alejo, Jeoffrey Lloyd R. Bareng, Czarimah L. Singson, Elmer A. Rosete, Arlen S. Alejandro, Carlo C. Ablan, Sameh Ahmed Kan-toush, Tetsuya Sumi, Mohamed Saber, Doan Van Bihn
Climate change threatens the world with disastrous floods and droughts, with Japan, Vietnam, and the Philippines among the worst-affected countries. Changes in hydrological patterns are caused by climate change, which leads to faster reservoir siltation and loss of function. Optimizing dam operation and reservoir sediment management are critical for a river basin's long-term viability. This management paper highlights our external linkages and networks with Japanese and Vietnamese universities in implementing and managing the international project "Integrated Flood and Sediment Management in River Basins for Sustainable Development". The Kyoto University transferred its technologies on flood and sediment management to Isabela State University and Thuyloi University thru series of training. The impacts of climate change and human interventions were assessed on watersheds, reservoir sedimentation, dam operation, flood inundation, and agricultural practices. In the case of the Cagayan River Basin, the Magat dam capacity has been significantly reduced due to sedimentations based on the bathymetric survey conducted. Hence, funding was secured for the dredging of the Magat dam programmed the following year. Also, it was projected that climate change and land-use changes will significantly reduce water resources during dry years may lead to droughts, and will abruptly increase during wet years which may lead to flooding in the basin. A Rainfall-Runoff-Inundation model was locally optimized for the basin as a decision support tool for flood inundation forecast and upgrade dam discharge protocol during extreme rainfall events. The International Association on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Management was created and was registered as a science-government-community association where key agencies and stakeholders participate in the phases of Integrated Flood and Sediment management in river basins.
Proponent: Amy Lyn M. Maddalora, Ivy M. Tarun, Joenel C. Espejo
Stakeholders play a vital role in improving the quality of education. The engagement of various stakeholders was deemed necessary for the continuous and holistic improvement of the institution. This was achieved through the development of the Integrated Management Information System for Stakeholders (IMISS). The study employed the Rapid Application Development (RAD) methodology for software development. IMISS is a platform for enhancing stakeholder engagement in all the institution’s plans, programs, and policies as well as for assessing the quality of services the institution provides from a multidimensional perspective. It provides a portal for stakeholders such as students, alumni, parents, partners, employers of alumni, and faculty. It includes system notifications of successful registration, invitations to events, completion of surveys, and greetings. It also features a reward system that grants points for every completed survey and a dashboard for the system administrator. JMeter was utilized for system testing in order to analyze and measure the system’s performance. The result showed that the developed system is error-free and executes successfully in an online environment. Hence, IMISS is recommended for implementation.
Proponent: Vince Lloyd Q. Balisi, Rosalinda B. Guiyab
Guidance services play a significant role in the lives of students as they encourage students’ academic, social, emotional, and personal development. This study aimed to develop an effective management of students’ information and services in the Guidance Office that supports students’ academic, social, emotional, and personal development. The study made use of the Rapid Application Development process and a survey questionnaire to evaluate the perceived performance of the system. The findings of the study revealed that it has satisfied the features of the system in managing student information and services in the Guidance Office and was found to be faster, convenient in storing, updating, retrieving, and searching records of the student, and likewise lessened the burden of the Guidance Counsellor in managing the student record.
Proponent: Rosemary L. Buraga
This study was conducted to automate the process of evaluating faculty performance through a web-based platform. Specifically, it aimed to develop a web-based system with role-based access control for the different users; a user registration system to automate the computation of Qualitative Contribution
Evaluation (QCE) of faculty; and report generation of individual, peer, self, and supervisor ratings. The study made use of the descriptive method of research which employed a two-phase process method: the first phase is the development of the system, and the second phase is the participant’s assessment with respect to the developed system. Modern (agile) web development was employed to define the system process, scope, and features. The Input-Process-Output diagram was used to show the project framework and the logical and structured flow of the data in the system. Respondents' assessments of the performance of the system were determined through a survey questionnaire. A weighted mean was used to analyze the data gathered from 150 respondents which were drawn through convenience sampling. From the survey, the respondents strongly agree that the operation of the system is usable and meets its functional requirements.
8. NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTOMATED REGISTRATION AND INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR CABAGAN RIVERSIDE NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Proponent: Dominic C. Cabauatan
The study was conducted to redesign the workflow patterns of Cabagan Riverside National High School toward a more sustainable and efficient school ecosystem. Primarily, it sought to develop an Automated Registration and Information System (ARIS) with the following functionalities: user registration, student, teachers, registrar portal, and email notification for successful registration. The study also aimed to evaluate the usability and functionality of the developed ARIS and install network infrastructure and components. The study made use of the Waterfall model as the basis for system development. Students and teachers served as the participants of the study in evaluating the system’s functionality and usability. Frequency count and weighted mean were used in treating the data. Results revealed that the respondents strongly agreed on the functionality and usability of the developed ARIS. Structured cabling was utilized in the installation of network infrastructure and components such as UTP Cable, wireless routers, switch, access points, and data cabinet.
Proponent: Edward B. Panganiban, Mark Joseph Asuncion, Jose P. Gallena Jr.
To safeguard the quality of drinking water in refilling stations in the market, the SMS-Based Sensor water Monitoring system for Refilling Stations using Arduino was introduced. The researchers developed an SMS-Based Water Monitoring system and it was intended for refilling stations. Arduino was the main controller and pH and Turbidity sensor to monitor and measure the quality of water. In the experimental result, the ideal range for drinking purposedly is 6.5-8.5 and based on the 4 sampling used, they obtained 7ph which means that the quality of water Passed. Response time of turbidity sensors is as long as the turbidity sensor is inside the same water sample; turbidity values are constant but when while turbidity sensor is taken outside muddy water, then turbidity values sharply go down. This means that using the developed system assures that the quality of water produced by the refilling stations is guaranteed safe.
Proponent: Kelvin Kris C. Gonzales, Virdi C. Gonzales
Geographic Information System (GIS) has emerged as an innovative and important component of many projects in public health and epidemiology. The main goal of this research study was to design, create, and implement the system for the improvement of Epidemiology Analytics in Southern Isabela Medical Center (SIMC) and can springboard into a system that can be used in the National Level. The developed system operates under the different health programs of the SIMC such as Patient Safety, Health Promotion, Infection Control, and Resource Management. It used SIMC’s historical records in processing health data analytics and health statistics for epidemiological case reporting purposes and provide multidimensional recommended solutions in the performance of healthcare services for better resource and risk management.
1. TEACH AND PROVIDE: A Livelihood Training for Mengal Women, Barangay Police and Katipunan ng Kabataan of Barangay San Fabian, Echague, Isabela
Proponents: Hazel Beth M. Bautista, Nikki Joyce C. Curan, Christian Lloyd D. Taguba
Today, dramatic advances in technology and progress in globalization are transforming our communities into a single borderless community in which there is interaction of diverse knowledge and culture. Our society demands continuous innovation and the creation of new knowledge to achieve sustainable development and growth. As the country moves toward the promotion of sustainable development, the role of the academe, industry, and other sectors of the economy become increasingly significant. Thus, this outreach program is timely for it provides an appropriate action to help the unemployed women in barangay San Fabian, Echague, Isabela to develop their skills and potential in order to earn for a living in order to addressed several Sustainable development Goals namely:
2. Program Title: Capacitating Community People through Trainings and Technical Assistance for Local Government Units (LGUs) and Peoples Organizations (POs) of Isabela and Cagayan and Isabela
Project Title: Training and Technical Assistance on Local Development Planning
Proponents: Maria Theresa R. Aggabao, Cecilia B. Mangabat
The project on Training and Technical Assistance on Local Development Planning aimed to train trainers for the Enhanced Local Climate Change Action Plan (ELCCAP) which will in turn capacitate the various Local Government Units who will request for technical assistance in crafting their ELCCAP. It is a requirement for all LGUs to prepare an ELCCAP as part of their application for Seal of Good Local Governance being awarded by the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG). This project addresses SDG 13 (Climate Action) which is to take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts by assisting LGUs to finalize their plans on climate mitigation and reduction of carbon emissions. As a result, it also somehow addresses SDG Nos. 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 17.
Proponent: Rosemary L. Buraga
The project, titled "Redesigning Workflow towards a Sustainable and Efficient School Ecosystem through the Implementation of Network and Grade Reporting Systems with Feedback Mechanisms," is a comprehensive initiative that profoundly impacts several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). By redefining and enhancing the educational landscape of Cabagan Riverside National High School, the project directly addresses or aligns with various key SDGs, which aim to enhance the quality of education by improving access to digital resources, streamlining grading procedures, and empowering teachers with new skills. It also aligns with SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure) by establishing a computer network and enhancing network infrastructure. These efforts promote innovation in educational technology and contribute to the development of sustainable and resilient infrastructure. Additionally, it promotes SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities). Its objective of ensuring equal access to digital resources for all educators’ works to reduce inequalities within the school community. By bridging the digital divide and providing equal opportunities for all teachers, the project promotes greater inclusivity. In alignment with SDG 17 (Partnerships for the Goals), the project emphasizes collaboration and cooperation by adopting the AIDTech methodology and involving stakeholders. It underscores the importance of partnerships and working together to implement technological solutions for educational enhancement. Moreover, the project indirectly contributes to SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 11 (sustainable cities and communities). The improved efficiency and workflow of the school ecosystem resulting from the project can lead to reduced stress and better overall well-being for both the students and their teachers. Additionally, efficient systems in school contribute to creating a more sustainable and conducive learning environment.