Technical Research Category
1. Impact Assessment of Future Water Demand and Supply for Climate Change and Socio-Economic Scenarios using WEAP Model of the Magat River Basin
Proponents: Orlando F. Balderama, Lanie A. Alejo, Jeoffrey Lloyd R. Bareng, Elmer A. Rosete, Catherine A. Bartolome, Arlen S. Alejandro, Carlo C. Ablan
Water is a vital resource in the river basin, and management of this resource is essential. This study aims to assess the impacts of the likely future water demand and supply for climate change and socio-economic scenarios using WEAP model of the Magat River Basin (MRB). The Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) is a user-friendly tool that takes an integrated approach to water resources planning and policy analysis. The model is based on the water balance concept to reproduce hydrological processes. The model simulation demonstrated that WEAP can predict streamflow with Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) of 0.64 and coefficient of Determination R² of 0.74 for the calibration period and NSE = 0.77 and R² = 0.83 for the validation period. The impact of high conveyance efficiency (CE) and moderate Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) will give zero unmet water demand across population growth in 2025, 2030, 2050, and 2080. Santiago City as additional domestic water users will significantly increase water demand by as much as 473.61 percent, 511.00 percent, 660.56 percent, and 884.91 percent in 2025, 2030, 2050, and 2080, respectively. However, with the combination of high CE and moderate AWD interventions, the significant increase in water demand will result to zero unmet water demand for both domestic and agricultural surface water. For the climate change scenario, the results showed an increase in the future unmet water demand during the dry years and wet years of the mid and late 21st century for both RCPs 4.5 and 8.5 climate change scenarios. These findings indicate that climate is expected to significantly affect the MRB where agriculture is vital for the local economy and small farmers. The projected increase in population growth, the impact of climate change, and the increase in water users will only worsen the current levels of unmet water demands. This study recommends the implementation of high CE and moderate AWD interventions as soon as possible. Improvement in water accessibility due to these interventions is enough to meet the water demands across all scenarios tested in this study.
Social Research Category
Proponents : Orlando F. Balderama, Jeoffrey Lloyd R. Bareng, Jennelyn L. Raymundo
The stakeholders forum generally aimed to enhance the capacities of policymakers, managers, and practitioners of river basin organizations on flood management through knowledge sharing of new approaches, techniques, methodologies, and good practices from partners here and abroad to help achieve effective implementation of integrated flood risk management as a component of integrated water resources management through stakeholders' collaboration and consultation. Considering the designed series of activities, the forum highlighted the partnership of the Japan Water Agency and the Cagayan River Basin Management Council, a multipartite information exchange among the Philippine government agencies' dignitaries, political leaders and legislators, and Japanese stakeholders, and the update reports conveyed by numerous Philippine government agencies as well as their collaborative workshop engagement to scale up international community linkages. It also underscored the inauguration of the International Organization on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office, stakeholders' collaboration for technology transfer and knowledge-sharing activities at NIA stations, and the newly forged partnership between JWA and City of Santiago to promote UN-SDG 6 and water security. By and large, as the event accentuated the need to mainstream knowledge sharing and communication in integrated flood risk management to strengthen effective IWRM practices, it then served as a channel that bridged what the government agencies and organizations know about flood and sedimentation management and what the community partners need to understand to revitalize science-community-government-academe collaboration.
Proponents: Orlando F. Balderama, Lanie A. Alejo, Jeoffrey Lloyd R. Bareng, Elmer A. Rosete, Alvin John B. Felipe
River Basins are highly significant resources that contribute to agro-industrial and domestic development. This study was conducted to assess the socio-economic impacts of climate change on the vulnerability of a significant river basin in the Philippines, the Magat
River Basin, to drought by considering agriculture as the major sector of focus. The results of this study imply that the current drought susceptibility of Magat Watershed is at 1.9 - 3.39 min-max scale or from low to above moderate, where the basin's Sensitivity and Exposure, account for 57% and 31% of the total vulnerability, respectively. And that the resulting adaptive capacity has a mitigating factor of only 12%, thereby construed to be very low. Averagely, the Santa Fe and Subbasin 2 sub-watersheds are identified to be moderately susceptible to drought with an average rating of 3.1 and 3.25 respectively. Meanwhile, the average drought vulnerability rating of other subbasins is between 2.08 and 2.91 which is from a low to an approximately moderate level. The overall drought susceptibility of the basin is projected to increase due to climate change under future climate scenarios up to 30% (High) of the current level. Catalyzing effective policies and climate change governance are highly encouraged to inhibit further and improve mitigation and adaptation measures.
3. Mediating Human-Nature Relations: Integrating GAPH Practices as Risk Communication Potential for Dairy Livestock Carbon-Neutrality Towards Environmental Sustainability in Cagayan Valley
Proponent/s: Errol John A. Cadelina, Nenita C. Rodavia
Carbon emissions of animal husbandry have been gaining increasing attention due to their high share in global carbon emissions. In this regard, it is essential to identify the risk communication potential of Dairy Livestock, and the impact of livestock structure on carbon emissions of animal husbandry to achieve carbon neutrality. Using data from five (5) Dairy partner cooperatives within the Cagayan Valley, this study employs the use of Gas Chromatography 2014 Analysis to quantify the impact of livestock structure on carbon emissions of animal husbandry. The statistical results reveal that the manure management carbon emissions of animal husbandry exhibit a rising and declining trend. Specifically, the carbon emissions of animal husbandry of PCC contributed the highest amount of CH4 amounting to 130,447.857 g/m3, followed by the IFC with 5,991.72 g/m3 of CH4, while MDC and NVMPC got the lower emission of CH4 with 416.31 g/m3 and 120.3968 g/m3 respectively. Finally, essential, and useful technology intervention and policy recommendations are put forward to inhibit carbon emissions of animal husbandry.
Proponents: Isagani P. Angeles, Sharon I. Celino
Cagayan River is known for a huge population of Anguilla species however, it has been regarded as one of the country's typhoon belts and has been affected by the impacts of climate change. Many fishermen benefited from elvers gathering due to its high price in the market. Fish Vool tool has been developed to measure the sensitivity, exposure, and adaptive capacity using interview survey metrics and analytics. In this study, eel fishery was conducted to evaluate the climate change vulnerability of the eel fisheries in Pamplona, Cagayan. Results revealed an overall medium sensitivity, exposure, and adaptive capacity indicating that the eel fishery of Pamplona, Cagayan is vulnerable to climate change. The result can provide significant information for government fisheries planners, policy-makers, and other fisheries stakeholders in the development of policies and management plans that will reduce vulnerability and build climate-resilient eel fishery.
5. Cost and Benefits of Solar-Powered Irrigation as Greenhouse Mitigation and Renewable Generation Strategy in Mallig Dairy Cooperative, Inc.
Proponents: Nenita S. Genove , Diosdado C. Caňete
Mallig Dairy Cooperative, Inc. at Mallig, Isabela has One Hundred Three (103) heads of cattle as of March 2020 covering an area of fifty (50) hectares situated in remote and hilly areas. There was collaboration in the field of solar energy between the Department of Agriculture and the Local Government Unit of Mallig, Isabela on the solar powered- irrigation system in relation to cattle raising to address the need of water supply for their cattle. In determining if solar-powered irrigation in Mallig Dairy Cooperative, Inc. is sound, justifiable and feasible, the Cost-benefit Analysis was used. That is why the time value of money, discount rate, and net present value, payback period and internal rate of return for using a solar-powered pump have to be considered and calculated. The said cooperative has a 2.15 Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR) which can be interpreted as "For every P1 of cost in the investment, the expected peso benefits generated is P2.15. So the solar-powered pump is a favourable investment which means it has greater benefits than costs. The NPV computed is positive which is P2,870,789.92 greater than the investment incurred that was P2,500,000.00. The rule is: An investment project should only be engaged in if it demonstrate a positive net present value (NPV). The payback period is 4.56 years only, it means the investment bears less risk. The computed IRR of the cooperative was 25.98%, thus generated more than the hurdle rate which is 12%. So it is considered favourable and safe to invest in solar irrigation.
6. THE STUDENT’S AWARENESS ON ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS AND MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION STRATEGIES: A BASELINE FRAMEWORK FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A RESPONSIVE CULTURE ON CLIMATE CHANGE
Proponents: CARINA L VIDANIA, LALAINE M NERONA, BEVERLY D TAGUINOD
This study was conducted to determine the level of awareness of the students of Isabela State University City of Ilagan Campus on environmental concerns and management and protection strategies. It aims to gather baseline data to come up with a framework for the development of a responsive culture on climate change. The Study revealed that the majority of the respondents are female and are in curriculum year level II. The respondents, although they are fully aware of some environmental concerns as well as environmental protection strategies, like waste management, pollution control, reforestation, and organic farming to mitigate climate change, their baseline knowledge on the several other environmental concerns and management and protection strategies could still be improved, specifically on genetic engineering and acid rain. The feedback that was gathered from the respondents may serve as the basis for planning of activities that aims to inspire the students to become more environmentally sensitive and enlist them to actively do their share in the prevention or mitigation of the negative effects of climate change. A massive educational and information dissemination campaign could be conducted to raise the awareness of the students on several other environmental concerns and protection strategies that they are not yet fully aware of. The baseline data to come up with a framework for the development of a responsive culture on climate change has been gathered. A follow-up study on the instructional integration of environmental concerns and management, environmental protection strategies, as well as risk reduction management, is in place.
7. MAHAL (MALINIS NA HANGIN PARA SA LUNGSOD): INTEGRATING UP TECHNOLOGIES IN AIR QUALITY MONITORING (PROJECT ROAM) IN THE CITY OF CAUAYAN
Proponent: Precila C. Delima
Air pollution is linked with many of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Strategies aiming at improved air quality interact directly with climate mitigation targets, access to clean energy services, waste management, and other aspects of socio-economic development. This paper examines integrated policies to put Cauayan City, a Smarter City on track toward three interlinked goals achieving universal energy access, limiting climate change, and reducing air pollution. Scenario analysis suggests that these goals can be attained simultaneously with substantial benefits. By 2040, emissions of main pollutants are projected to drop by 60–80% relative to today, and associated health impacts are quantified at two million avoided deaths from ambient and household air pollution combined. In comparison to the costs needed for the decarbonization of the global economy, additional investments in air pollution control and access to clean fuels are very modest against major societal gains. The Piloting of Project ROAM in Cauayan City established a systematic air quality monitoring network that can determine areas where pollutant levels exceed an ambient air quality standard and areas where they do not. A resolution was formulated on its integration to realize its Smarter City Concept on Smarter Environment and localized Sustainable Development goals on clean air, sustainable cities, and climate change mitigation.
Technological Research Category
1. Integrated Flood and Sediment Management in the River Basins for Sustainable Development: The Case of Cagayan River Basin
Proponents: Orlando F. Balderama, Lanie A. Alejo, Jeoffrey Lloyd R. Bareng, Czarimah L. Singson, Elmer A. Rosete, Arlen S. Alejandro, Carlo C. Ablan, Sameh Ahmed Kan-toush, Tetsuya Sumi, Mohamed Saber, Doan Van Bihn
Climate change threatens the world with disastrous floods and droughts, with Japan, Vietnam, and the Philippines among the worst-affected countries. Changes in hydrological patterns are caused by climate change, which leads to faster reservoir siltation and loss of function. Optimizing dam operation and reservoir sediment management are critical for a river basin's long-term viability. This management paper highlights our external linkages and networks with Japanese and Vietnamese universities in implementing and managing the international project "Integrated Flood and Sediment Management in River Basins for Sustainable Development". The Kyoto University transferred its technologies on flood and sediment management to Isabela State University and Thuyloi University thru series of training. The impacts of climate change and human interventions were assessed on watersheds, reservoir sedimentation, dam operation, flood inundation, and agricultural practices. In the case of the Cagayan River Basin, the Magat dam capacity has been significantly reduced due to sedimentations based on the bathymetric survey conducted. Hence, funding was secured for the dredging of the Magat dam programmed the following year. Also, it was projected that climate change and land-use changes will significantly reduce water resources during dry years may lead to droughts, and will abruptly increase during wet years which may lead to flooding in the basin. A Rainfall-Runoff-Inundation model was locally optimized for the basin as a decision support tool for flood inundation forecast and upgrade dam discharge protocol during extreme rainfall events. The International Association on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Management was created and was registered as a science-government-community association where key agencies and stakeholders participate in the phases of Integrated Flood and Sediment management in river basins.
2. Optimization of Decision Support System for Effective e-Governance (ODeSSEe) on Preemptive Evacuation for Flood Disaster Amidst Covid-19 in Cagayan Valley Region using AHP
Proponents: Betchie E. Aguinaldo, Marvee Cheska B. Natividad
The Philippines is prone to natural disasters and climate impacts; the Cagayan Valley Region especially the provinces of Cagayan and Isabela are vulnerable to hydro-meteorological hazards. Amidst the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic, decision-making for planning disaster preparedness and response is crucial. This paper proposes an online decision support system with a multi-criteria decision-making model using Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) as Optimization of Decision Support System for Effective e-Governance, a Project ODeSSEe. Data gathered from multiple source agencies were processed and analyzed and the developed model was integrated into the system. The result was validated through evaluation by end-users with an overall grand mean response of 4.46, with a descriptive interpretation of very strongly agree, and the IT experts with a grand mean response of 3.56, equivalent to strongly agree as their evaluation to the developed system.
1. Capability Building on the Beautification of ISU As Agro – Tourism Farm Site in Partnership with the 502nd Infantry Brigade, 5ID, Philippine Army Camp Melchor F. Dela Cruz (Annex), Barangay Soyung, Echague, Isabela.
Proponents: Martina R. Penalber, Joel V. Panganggaan, Myleen R. Corpuz, Jose P. Gallena Jr., Vivian Dumrique
According to Republic Act no. 7898 or an act providing for the modernization of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, it’s in the principal thrusts of the program the enhancement of the AFP’s capability to fulfill its mandate to protect the Filipino people not only from armed threats but from the ill effects of life-threatening and destructive consequences of natural and man-made disasters and calamities, in short, from all forms of ecological damage. From the thrust, it can be clearly grasps that the Armed Forces of the Philippines has a huge role in leading others to defend their country and to support peacekeeping and humanitarian efforts across the globe. In simple term, they work to maintain peace and order in the entire nation, protecting the country up to the extent of putting their lives even at worst is aligned to the SDGs 13 (Climate Action), 16 (Peace Justice and Strong Institutions). However, part of the world’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes the sustainability of cities and communities aligned with the SDG No.11 Sustainable Cities and Communities. It’s in the goal that by 2030, the security of the provisions of universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for men,women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities must be achieved. Therefore, all citizens either in blue – collar or white – collar jobs should come together hand in hand to achieve this. Further, the world’s SDG includes the mitigation of poverty and the campaign of “no to hunger”. Anyone is capable to help stop/mitigate human problems for as long as there is the willingness to learn how to contribute for the improvement of the stand of the country. This is in line with the SDGs No 1 (No Poverty), 2 (Zero Hunger) and 3 (Good Health and Well-Being). Also, SDG 17 (Partnership for the Goals) this advocates the revitalization of global partnership for sustainable development. This goal can somehow be attained through building productive local partnerships. Thereby, introducing this extension activity with the intention to bring the armed forces of the Philippines explore new roles not just by being human protectors but all the same in both human and environmental concerns based from needs. This extension activity will provide an avenue for the men and women in-uniform to explore other source of income as they will be engaged not only to the beautification of environment but as well as to achieve financial viability out of their crafts.
2. SAVE OUR SPECIES (SOS): COMMUNICATING CONSERVATION THRU THE DDCL-MFI 2021-2023 COMMUNICATION EDUCATION AND PUBLIC AWARENESS (CEPA) CAMPAIGN SUPPORT FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SANCTUARIES FOR THREATENED SPECIES IN NORTHEAST LUZON
Proponent: Myrna C. Cureg
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals include life on land as the 15th goal among the 17 SDGs. It calls for the sustainable management of forests, to combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss (UN, n.d.). Among the issues it is trying to raise is the fact that “while protected areas now cover 15 percent of terrestrial and freshwater environments and seven percent of the marine realm, these areas only partly cover important sites for biodiversity and are not yet fully ecologically representative and effectively or equitably managed.”
According to the 2019 Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service (IPBES, 2019) around 1 million animal and plant species are threatened with extinction – many within decades. The report called for transformative changes to restore and protect nature as it showed that the health of ecosystems on which we and all other species depend is deteriorating more rapidly than ever and this is affecting the very foundations of our economies, livelihoods, food security, health and quality of life worldwide.
Another related concern that is addressed is the 13th SDG on climate action. Climate change is affecting the lives not only of people in every country and every continent but even the survival of different species of plants and animals. With the changes in weather patterns, rise in sea levels, and weather events becoming more extreme, climate change has disrupted national economies and affected the lives of billions of people and other living creatures around the globe.
In the light of the recent massive flooding that the provinces of Isabela and Cagayan had experienced this November 2020, more and more people are realizing the urgent need to protect our remaining forests in the northern Sierra Madre.
To address the concerns raised above, the Department of Development Communication and Languages (DDCL) now Department of Communication (DoC) of ISU has worked hand in hand with Mabuwaya Foundation for more than a decade in informing people and creating awareness about conservation issues in Northeast Luzon. Its CEPA Strategy on Philippine crocodile conservation has paved the way for reported significant increase over time in people’s awareness of legislation protecting crocodiles in the peripheral and urban areas from 41% of the people in 2008 to 76% in 2013 in the peripheral areas (Cureg, et al., 2016). As communication activities were facilitated and CEPA materials were distributed, different stakeholders were covered by the CEPA campaign which includes men and women in the community - fishers, farmers, school children and local government officials in the communities covered by the project.
In its continuing quest to protect the threatened species in the Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park and other neighboring areas along the Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Mabuwaya Foundation continues its CEPA campaigns to involve grassroots communities in conservation. As the integrity of the park, its biodiversity and its ecosystem services are threatened by illegal logging, agricultural encroachment, hunting, and unsustainable fishing, establishing community conserved areas is a way of addressing the threats to biodiversity. One of the underlying problems is that people composed of farmers, fishers, loggers, merchants, LGU officials, school children are not well aware why the park is important and what the rules and regulations are. Communities are not “engaged” in conservation and management of the park. Communication is seen as one of the basic tools in enhancing community engagement in conservation.
It is in this area that the DDCL, basically an academic department composed of Development Communication faculty members and students, extends assistance to MFI in the form of CEPA materials production and the implementation of CEPA campaign activities.
Communication campaigns in 12 target communities with at least 3,500 households will help increase awareness of men, women and children regarding the importance of and support for the conservation of natural ecosystems. The project will facilitate capacitating community members as sanctuary guards and in involving community members in monitoring species, land-use change and ecosystems (citizen science) which will help increase conservation awareness of the people.
Since many of the residents in the remote target areas have limited education, wherein a large portion of the adult population were only able to finish elementary schooling, CEPA campaigns will help inform and educate the people coming from different levels of educational background, including at least 50% women, on their role in environmental protection. Educating the community people on environmental law enforcement will help increase awareness and knowledge regarding environmental laws and its actual implementation on the ground. It is hoped that enhancing the capacity of community members as sanctuary managers will generate a high level of ownership over the sanctuaries, local adherence to rules and regulations and action if rules are not followed. Basically, MFI’s project seeks to implement activities like identifying nature-based livelihood options, training community members and supporting the actual establishment of nature-based livelihoods that will further increase support for conservation and provide alternative for unsustainable or illegal activities such as hunting and slash- and-burn farming.
Through intensive communication and education (in which DDCL will help facilitate) and with communities receiving lasting support for nature-based livelihood activities, it is hoped that majority of the men, women and children in the community will be convinced that ecosystem and biodiversity conservation is indeed needed. With people believing that biodiversity conservation is beneficial and its success rests in their hands, then sustainable safeguarding of critical habitats and associated species in the Northern Sierra Madre can be achieved.