ISU for Sustainability

Embracing SDGs towards Quality Education and Academic Experience in the Countryside

Research | SDG 10 – Reduced Inequalities

Technical Research Category

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Geraldin J. Paguigan


This study determined the status of the cities in the Cagayan Valley Region in attaining Sustainability. Specifically, Sustainable Development Goal 11, Making Cities and Communities Sustainable and Resilient is the focus of the study. The Local Government Units of the cities in the Cagayan Valley believe that planning for urban development is necessary and the use of smart technology is a strategy and an aid for planning to achieve sustainable development. Tuguegarao, Ilagan, and Cauayan are component cities, while Santiago is the first Independent city in the region. Among the four, Tuguegarao has the smallest land area and most populated, while Ilagan has the largest land area. As per records, Santiago has the highest revenue while Cauayan has the lowest. The cities were compared and ranked according to the satisfaction ratings of the respondents in the attainment of SDG 11. The result of the study revealed that the City of Ilagan has the highest satisfaction ratings followed by Tuguegarao,
Cauayan, and Santiago City. To determine the factors affecting the satisfaction ratings, the result was correlated to the physical and economic profile of the cities specifically the revenue, land area, and rate of poverty incidence. Based on the result, it has a significant, and a positive correlation at 0.537 to the land area of the city while an inverse relationship on the revenue and poverty incidence with -0.376 and -0.228. It is recommended that efforts in achieving SDG 11 must be monitored, evaluated, and analyzed to improve the approaches and strategies. The socio-economic aspects of the people living in the urban area must be the priority, and development plans must be well-planned to achieve the quality of life, economic progress, and sustainable development.

Keywords: Economic Progress, Urban Planning, Poverty

Social Research Category

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Maria Paz Consuelo C. Dammay


It has been recognized that social support makes a person more resilient in times of stress, prevents psychopathology from developing, and provides an individual with the necessary resources to cope with a crisis. As some studies examining the different types of social support in different contexts show that perceived social support, in general, allows an individual to cope with hardship and bounce back from adversity. This research study conducted at San Mateo, Isabela makes use of a quantitative research design with the use of a relational model investigating the mediating role of psychological needs between perceived social support and resilience of college students. The procedure entailed an unstructured interview and questionnaire administration under the supervision of a registered psychologist. Questionnaires administered was the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction Scale, Brief Resilience Scale and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. A total of one hundred and five (105) participants were chosen and were willing to participate in the study; thus, they were not forced, and tick the online informed consent voluntarily. By satisfying autonomy needs, perceived social support from family, relatives, and friends indirectly predict resilience among college students. Although this study has some limitations, the results supported the Basic Psychological Needs Theory, that a supportive social environment can influence adolescent students’ resilience by satisfying their autonomy needs.

Keywords: social support, resilience, psychological needs, social support

Eugelyn R. Felix, Editha C. Bautista


Satisfaction survey gives specific information about the positive and negative perception and experience of the respondents about the quality of service, which could improve the services of the frontline services of the campus. The findings of this study redound to the benefits of the students, faculty and non-teaching staff and the administrators. The goal of the satisfaction survey for the quality of frontline services at Isabela State University is to determine the level of student satisfaction with frontline services such as Registration services; Admission and testing Services; Orientation; Student Organization; Medical and Dental Services; Library Services; Guidance and Counselling services; Food Services; Housing; Socio-cultural Services; School Publication; Sports services; Scholarship; ICT; Accounting; and Cashiering. To explain the situation as it was at the time of the study and to examine the origins of specific occurrences and their perception, the study employed a descriptive research design. All of the services offered by ISU-Angadanan Campus, according to respondents' expectations, ranges from very satisfactory to extremely good which shows that the quality of services of ISU-AC to its clientele is very satisfactory as indicated by their mean.

Keywords: Satisfaction Survey, Frontline, Service, Clients Satisfaction, Level of satisfaction

Crist B. Bartolome


Because of Isabela's vast land and top tourist destinations, agriculture and tourism are the primary occupations of its residents. There lies a need to conduct a study to measure the impact of Farm Tourism and the level of satisfaction and the perception among the consumer. This study focus on the Level of Satisfaction towards Farmed Tourism in Isabela and its Impact on Residents. Specifically, to present the profile of the respondents; determine the impact of the Farm Tourism Program; evaluate the resident’s level of satisfaction; test the significant difference of farm tourism programs impacts and propose an action plan for improvement of Farm Tourism in Isabela. A quantitative descriptive research method was used. The primary respondents of the study are the residents of Isabela directly involved in the Farm Tourism Program. A total of 385 respondents were asked to answer the survey questionnaire. The data gathered were treated using a statistical software known as PASW version 26. The result revealed that farm-tourism programs in Isabela Province were implemented to a great extent as perceived by the respondents. Farm tourism has a great impact on social, cultural, economic, and environmental aspects. Additionally, respondents were highly satisfied with the program development, training, and facilities. To strengthen and continually develop farm tourism in Isabela province, a sustainable development plan was conceptualized.

Keywords: Farm tourism, tourism, Sustainability, Sustainable Action Plan

Higher Education Research Category

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Rosalie C. Leal, Ryan Jay O. Argon


The education sector, which was tagged as the most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, has been following a course determined by the consequences of this global health hazard. Its continuity amid the pandemic made possible the implementation of synchronous e-learning (S-EL) even if universities across the globe had insufficient preparation. Given this scenario, it is then the purpose of this study to provide an objective evaluation of S-EL implementation at Isabela State University. The factors affecting learning effectiveness were revealed and the factors that students would like their institutions to consider were likewise taken into account.

Keywords: 21st century education, Asynchronous Learning, COvid-19 pandemic, Educational technology, S-EL

Audrey B. Simon, Jose B. Rosario, Adona S. Abana


One of the functions of every faculty in Higher Education Institutions as mandated by the Commission on Higher Education is to generate and disseminate knowledge through research. For this role, faculty are required with the necessary skills in research and related scholarly inquiries. The purpose of this study is to determine the level of research competence of Isabela State University, Cabagan Campus faculty, as well as their level of satisfaction with the university's resources, services, technical, and financial support. One hundred and seventy-one faculty respondents from the campus's seven colleges took part in the survey, which used the descriptive method of research. A survey questionnaire was used to collect data, which was administered online using a Google Form. The findings revealed that faculty who participated in the study have an average level of research competency and are generally satisfied with the university's resources, services, technical, and financial support. The study suggests that a regular campus-wide training workshop focused on the various aspects of conducting research is needed to enhance faculty research competency. There are also suggestions for improving the resources, services, and technical support provided to faculty researchers.

Keywords: research competence, satisfaction level

Angelica P. Maglelong Aldwin M. Martin, Angelica R. Cadiz


This ethnographic study identified and described the Educational Settings of Agtas in Cab. 10, Lupigue San Antonio, City of Ilagan amidst Covid-19 Pandemic. The researchers being observers obtained data in natural setting using interview, documentary, analysis and observation. Agta leaders, Agta teacher/facilitator and some Agta learner in the community served as the main informants as to The Educational Settings of Agtas in Cab.10, Lupigue San Antonio, City Of Ilagan Amidst Covid-19 Pandemic. A review of documentary materials and readings was done to enrich the researcher’s knowledge of cultures, system and practices of the respondents. Indeed, the result of the said research with regards to the educational settings of Agtas amidst pandemic is simple and anchored on their physical attributes based on their immediate sustainability of their learning process. The educational settings of Agtas amidst pandemic have evidently demonstrated a strong sense of ownership and pride for these educational settings due their time- tested effectiveness and sustainability. It is highly recommended that the aforementioned practices be shared and passed on, thus paving the way to the regeneration of Agta learning process.

Keywords: Agtas, Educational Settings, Pandemic, Indigenous