Research | SDG 5 – Gender Equality

Technical Research Category

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Nilo E. Padilla, Joe-Ann Payne, Ralph John Lapastura, Errol John Cadeliña


There is a lack of information available on dairy vermicomposting technology in the Cagayan Valley Region, which has led to its non-adoption. The Department of Agriculture (DA) and other government organizations, on the other hand, have acknowledged and funded advocacy initiatives to raise awareness about the use of dairy manure in vermicomposting technology. As a result, the goal of this study was to determine the level of awareness, utilization, and adoption of vermicomposting technology using dairy manures, as well as to identify issues and constraints in the utilization and adoption of vermicomposting using dairy waste, and to suggest possible solutions. The Likert scale, frequency, percentage, and average mean were used to assess the data collected during the interview (FGD) and (KII). The average mean of the samples was used to calculate the levels of awareness, adoption, and utilization. According to the findings, Dairy MSMEs have an average level of awareness of 3.2, indicating that most of them have moderately high awareness, while the level of adoption of Dairy MSMEs has an overall scale of 3.6, indicating that most of the respondents have a high level of adoption, resulting in a high level of utilization of vermicompost dairy manure. However, according to the distribution of the respondents' issues and concerns in the vermicomposting technology using dairy animal waste, the respondents' main concern was difficulty in integrating vermicomposting technology, lack of technical know-how, added cost in the production process, costly and limited source of capital and insufficient technical and financial support. As a result, the study suggests that capacity building and access to loan windows are steps that should be taken to increase awareness and utilization of technology to strengthen respondents' knowledge, abilities, skills, behavior, and incomes in determining agricultural long-term strategy.

Keywords: Adoption, Awareness, Dairy, Utilization, Vermicomposting

Higher Education Research Category

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Lanny Lee F. Ordonez, Karla Jastine V. Castillejo


The present study examines the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities for improvement and challenges of the BSTM students experience on synchronous and asynchronous learning and teaching through Descriptive Qualitative Research Design using an open-ended questionnaire. The majority of the study participants are female and aged 19 or younger, and they come from the rural areas; majority of the student’s parents are blue collar workers; their projected monthly household income is less than the Philippines' average monthly wage rate; the majority of students use their mobile phones to conduct online course-related activities; the majority of students use mobile data as a cheaper alternative to accessing the internet. The study revealed that students find studying online to be effective and convenient since it allows them to work while they study. Learning materials are also readily available, and students learn individually and at their own speed. On the other side, students mentioned problems that their ability to participate fully in class, such as limited internet connection (due to the fact that the bulk of the students live in rural areas), slow to no internet connectivity, and power outages. It is suggested that these issues be viewed as inputs for the current educational process's ongoing development. Government officials should specifically advocate for improved technology and electrical access, particularly in isolated places. School officials should also take steps to improve all aspects of student support. The students should also learn to develop their self-directed learning skill for them to cope with their tasks and activities in their asynchronous and synchronous learning. The teacher should give tasks that can be completed within the allotted time for the subject.

Keywords: online learning, strengths, weakness, opportunities, challenges

Januard D. Dagdag, Noel A. Palapuz, Jane C. Caliboso, Eddie I. Peru, Regina P. Mauro


This descriptive research aimed to explore how teacher education students of a Philippine tertiary education college, assess the performance of their teachers in realizing the university vision and mission and the college goals and outcomes (VMGOs) during the new normal. 260 students participated in the online survey. The data was analyzed quantitatively using mean, standard deviation, t-test, and analysis of variance; and qualitatively using thematic analysis. The students were very satisfied with their teachers’ performance. The male and female respondents reported the same satisfaction level, while the junior respondents registered a higher satisfaction than the freshmen. Competence, commitment/passion, collaboration, pro-activeness, being goal-oriented, and open-mindedness are faculty features found by learners essential for the attainment of outcomes. Moreover, the disposition of a teacher training institution to observe leniency, motivate and inspire learners, do scaffolding, design and employ learning/learning-focused course curricula, and provide adequate distance learning materials is what the students suggest to further realize the VMGOs. This study then offered implications for policy in teacher education in the new normal such as observing leniency that cares for learning, conducting timely guidance and counseling, adopting appropriate learning models and management system, and manifesting admin support for learning and resources.

Keywords: VMGOs, teacher educators, outcomes, new normal, policy, Philippines

Renalyn P. Mora, Rosalie C. Leal


Engagement is an important factor for a better learning performance; thus, engagement strategies must be given important consideration to improve the teaching-learning process in the online learning engagement amidst covid 19. It is then, the primary objectives of this research study to determine the importance of engagement strategies to online environment amidst COVID 19 pandemic as to Learner to Content Engagement; Learner to Instructor Engagement; Learner to Content Engagement; identify the most and least valuable strategies in engaging online learning environment and determine the significant differences in responses based on individual differences, such as gender, age, and experience with online courses. The study is participated by 154 Bachelor of Secondary Education (BSEd) students. Descriptive statistics was employed particularly mean and standard deviation in order to analyze the data with regards to student engagement in online classes. t-test was performed to evaluate whether females and males had statistically significant different responses to the items on the instrument and its subscales. A series of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were conducted to evaluate the differences in age and online course experiences. As a result, the findings imply that engagement may be improved in both the interactive design of online courses and their facilitation. Instructor facilitation is important; thus, instructors must have time management and engagement strategies.

Keywords: learning engagement, learning engagement strategies, online classes, learner – to – learner, learner – to – instructor, learner – to – content

Isagani M. Valerozo


The study assessed the lackadaisical attitudes of ISU faculty in performing educational research. This was conducted to 304 randomly selected Faculty members distributed to the eleven campuses of Isabela State University in the province of Isabela. Data were gathered using the researcher-made questionnaire primarily aimed to gather demographic profile of the respondents and the level of research attitude. Frequencies and percentages were used to describe the demographic profile and involvement of the respondents in the research. The mean and standard deviation determined the level of research attitude of the respondents. Analysis of a Moment Structures and Structural Equation Modeling was also used to determine the relevant connection between variables. The results of the study revealed that the level of research attitude towards research orientation was influence by highest education attainment, designation and academic rank.

Keywords: Lackadaisical Attitudes, Research Anxiety, Research Orientation, Research Difficulties

Adona S. Abana, Jose B. Rosario, Audrey B. Simon


This study determined the perceived research competence, attitudes, and expectations of the 1667 student respondents in the seven colleges of the Isabela State University at Cabagan campus. The result reveals that both male and female students have high competence levels in research. Fourth year students have a moderate research competence level compared to the first year, second year, and third year students with high competence in research. Student respondents with Academic, TechVoc and Sports tracks have a perceived high competence, while those with Arts & Design tracks have moderate competence in research. The students have a highly positive attitude and high expectations of research advising. The area in research by which the students need improvement is on writing research manuscripts. There are significant differences in the perceived research competence among the colleges. The perception in research competence of the group of CCJE, IBM, and CCSICT is significantly higher compared to the other colleges. Similarly, there are significant differences in the perceived research competence between CED, CDCAS, PTIA, and CFEM.

Keywords: research competence, research attitude, research advising

Michelle G. Quijano


This study sought to explore the level of motivation towards English language learning of Sophomore Teacher Education students of Isabela State University Ilagan Campus. The researcher made use of descriptive design since the aim was to describe and assess the level of motivation towards English language learning of the students. The instrument used in this study was patterned from the study of Kitjaroonchai (2012) based on the standardized questionnaire developed by Gardner’s (1985) Attitude Motivation Test Battery. The results revealed that respondents are highly motivated to learn English. They are both instrumentally and integratively motivated to learn the language though they found to be slightly more instrumentally motivated. Sex and age are variables that do not affect the level of motivation of the respondents in terms of instrumental motivation and integrative motivation. On the other hand, the level of motivation of the students in English Language learning does not significantly influence the respondents’ academic performance in GEC 4 (Purposive Communication).

Keywords: integrative motivation, instrumental motivation, English language learning

Rodel B. Guzman


The teachers train the future of a country. A quality teacher is an outcome of effective teacher education program along its various curricular and co-curricular activities and programs. This descriptive-correlational study was conducted among 152 randomly selected male and female pre-service teachers to describe and analyze their perception, challenges, and academic performance in student teaching. The majority of the respondent were female with academic performance of above average. It was found out in the study that male pre-service teachers have a more positive perception about student teaching than the female. However, the study also revealed that male pre-service teachers encountered more challenges than female pre-service teachers. The study also found out that improving strategies on controlling students' behavior, mastery of the subject matter, use of instructional materials, developing cordial relationships with other teachers and cooperating teachers, conduct of supervisory activities as often as possible, and providing feedbacks will strengthen the possibility of having a better academic performance among the pre-service teachers.