ISU for Sustainability

Embracing SDGs towards Quality Education and Academic Experience in the Countryside

Research | SDG 8 – Decent Work and Economic Growth

Social Research Category

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Mildred V. Matulim


Internships are an established mechanism for helping to ensure the employability of graduates (Shoenfelt et al.,2013). In hospitality management courses, internship is a mandatory requirement among students to bridge the gap between lecture/laboratory activities and industrial practice (CMO 62, s.2017). Students Internship Abroad Program (SIAP) is also formulated to give hospitality students a wider and better opportunities from international level and in a multicultural workplace (CMO 22, s.2013). This study compares the employability of BSHRM graduates with internship abroad and with local internship. Descriptive-Correlational is used in analyzing the data and to compare the significant relationship between variables. Purposive sampling is utilized where respondents are graduates who have internship abroad and graduates with local internship. Results shows that graduates with internship abroad are more likely to land their first job abroad also, and graduates with local internship landed on jobs within the country. Those who are exposed to dining and front office are more likely to land HRM related job after college. The study shows that the internship profile focusing on the location of internship between abroad and local internship, has a direct impact on the employability of graduates. The findings offer useful information for evaluating and/or designing internship programs in higher education.

Keywords: employability, internship, internship abroad, local internship, on-the-job training, area of exposure, duration of internship

Reynaldo M. Brutas


The study assessed the extent of implementation of policies and programs and efficiency of implementation of administrative and finance services among the Local Government Units of Isabela. The study used the descriptive and inferential methods of research. Questionnaire had been prepared to gather data from the respondents’ perception. Sample mean and T-Test was used to test the significant differences in the perceptions of the respondents on the administrative and finance services. There were two groups of respondents, Group of implementers of the policies and programs of the Local Government Unit and Group of the beneficiaries. As to the perceptions of the implementers and the beneficiaries among the LGU of the 3rd District of Isabela, implies that implementers and the beneficiaries differed significantly in their perceptions of the level of adequacy of the administrative policies. Specifically, the beneficiaries gave significantly higher perception about the level of adequacy of the administrative policies.

Keywords: implementation, administrative, policies, finance, services, governance

Orlando F. Balderama, Jeoffrey Lloyd R. Bareng, Elmer A. Rosete, Carol Joy F. Mangadap, Czarimah L. Singson, Jasmine D. Pasion


This study was conducted to solicit feedback in order to determine, assess and gauge the level and degree of satisfaction of the client –farmers being served by National Irrigation Systems (NISs) and Communal irrigation Systems (CISs). This is in relation to the different services, trainings and assistance programs that the Agency provides and renders to them. In the process, this will help the agency to shape and utilize new contextual developments, patterns and trajectories suitable to improve and sustain its services. The survey involves collection of primary data through farmers’ interview from a representative sample respondent of 100 each from Large Scale National Irrigation System (LS-NIS), Medium Scale National Irrigation System (MS-NIS) and Communal Irrigation System in Cagayan Valley Region. Analysis indicates that in terms of farmers’ agreement on the seven (7) services offered by NIA, LS-NIS reaped the highest mean satisfaction rating of 5.00 followed by MS-NIS and CIS with the mean satisfaction rating of 4.71 and 4.68, respectively, which is categorized as VERY SATISFIED. In terms of overall agreement rating, results showed that all irrigation systems in Region II earned an AGREABLE rating in the different attributes with the mean of 4.80.

However, besides the high satisfaction level of the farmers, services and programs still needs to be developed and improved continuously for efficient irrigation system and better support services for the farmers.

Nicanor D. Baquiran


Solid waste are the result of consumption, the greater the consumption of produced goods, the more solid waste to be discarded. The unsustainable consumption by those who can afford to consume more is a major cause of the depletion of natural resources with the consequent production of large amount of solid waste. A large amount of waste were generated from business establishment that aggravated environmental problems. It is for this reason that this research was conducted to assess the implementation of RA 9003 “Ecological Solid Waste Management” of business enterprise in Isabela. Specifically, it aims to a). Determine the management strategies adopted by business enterprise in terms of planning, organizing, directing, controlling and monitoring and evaluation, b). Determine the practices adopted by business enterprise in terms of waste reduction, recycling, transporting and collection, waste segregation, waste disposal and waste recovery, c. Determine the problems encountered by business enterprise in the implementation of RA 9003. This research was focused on the implementation of ecological solid waste management under Republic Act 9003 of business enterprise in the selected municipality of Isabela. The findings of the study revealed that majority of the respondents were at the age bracket between 23- 27 with frequency of 74 respondents or 56.92 percent, respondents are the staff and representative of business enterprise., 2 respondents or 1.54 percent are manager and 1 or .77 is assistant manager out of the 130 respondents. Table 5 shows the distribution of respondents according to the nature of business, the table revealed twenty-eight (28) respondents or 21.54 percent engaged in fast food business, this include small, medium and large business such as Chowking, Jollibee as large business and others are supermarket, fast food inside public market. Fast food will generate large amount of waste due to the level of economic activity materials use and water consumption which may contaminate fresh water due to drainage problem., Supermarket obtained 22 respondents or 16.92percent and department store obtained 19 respondents or 14.62 percent these business establishment are categorized as medium business other respondents are vendors obtained 21 respondents or 16.15 percent. The waste generation of the municipality depends largely on economic activity, the more business establishment the larger amount of waste generated. As to the level of implementation of business enterprise in terms of planning obtained the mean average of 4.41 this indicate that business establishment have rated high level of implementation on waste management planning due to the ordinances, policies implemented by local government on RA 9003,monitoring and evaluation of business enterprise on waste management obtained 4.27, this denotes that business enterprise rated high level of implementation on monitoring and evaluation of their economic activity during operation . In the practices of business enterprise in terms of waste reduction, business enterprise rated the average mean of 4.48, this denotes that their strategies on waste reduction are effective specially on innovation of new technology that increase the life span of products through improving the quality of products. Table 16 shows the waste management of business enterprise on waste disposal and recovery obtained the average mean of 4.36 with of “effective” this means the respondents have adopted the system of waste disposal and recovery through provision of material recovery facility, water drainage in working area prior to their operation.